Dr. Sameera Moussa was the first Egyptian nuclear scientist. She pursued her doctorate at Cairo University, becoming the first woman to hold a teaching position. She was a strong proponent of using nuclear technology for peace, such as making medical nuclear treatments available and affordable for everyone. She once said, “I’ll make nuclear treatment as available and as cheap as Aspirin.” To turn her goals into a reality, she organized the Atomic Energy for Peace Conference. She visited the United States under the Fulbright Scholarship Program and was given the opportunity to visit atomic facilities. In 1953, she died in a tragic car accident in California, and was posthumously honored by the Egyptian Army.