Alice Hamilton, MD, was an American physician, and an expert in the field of occupational health. While teaching pathology at the Women’s Medical School of Northwestern University in Chicago, Hamilton lived at Hull-House, the most famous settlement house in the United States. At Hull-House, Hamilton treated poor immigrants for diseases often resulting from working conditions, which allowed her to merge her interests in medical science and social reform. She had a long career public health and workplace safety. In 1919, Hamilton joined Harvard Medical School as an assistant professor in the Department of Industrial Medicine, making her the first woman on the Harvard faculty. Hamilton died on September 22, 1970, at the age of 101. Three months later, Congress passed the Occupational Safety and Health Act.
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