Dr. Dorothy Hodgkin was awarded a Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1964. She grew up in Cairo and Sudan and fell in love with chemistry at age 10. She studied at Somerville College, University of Oxford as an undergraduate and then the University of Cambridge for her doctoral research. She discovered X-rays could be used to show the crystal’s structure. Using this technique, Dr. Hodgkin was successful in determining the structure of penicillin and then the structure of Vitamin B12. Her work to uncover the structure of insulin helped improve the treatments for type one and type two diabetes. She was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1947, a foreign member of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Sciences in 1956, and of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (Boston) in 1958.
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